These slow growing benign tumors peak in adulthood between 40 and 44 years and usually start off as benign cystic lesions. While most likely large before they are diagnosed, these tumors often involve areas adjacent to the third ventricle, optic nerve and pituitary gland.
Symptoms of craniopharyngiomas develop over a period of years and can present in a spectrum of comprising manifestations affecting:
- Impaired Vision (pressure on optic nerves)
- Neurological issues, (including headache)
- Endocrinological issues
- Cognitive issues
How we Treat Craniopharyngiomas
The first step in treating these lesions is surgical removal. Should removal not be an option, radiation therapy may be suggested. If hydrocephalus is also present, a shunt may be placed during surgery to remove excess fluid from the brain.