Syringohydromyelia is often associated with trauma, infection tumors, or arnold-chiari malformation. Presentation of his disorder is based on the location within the spinal cord, but usually affects the anterior spinal cord, not the posterior. Often cysts in the cervical region can elongate and extend for multiple spinal levels destroying a portion of the spinal cord.
Syringomyelia can widen and compress and injure nerve fibers that carry information to the brain and extremities.
The damaged spinal cord is marked clinically by:
- Weakness in arms and legs
- Stiffness in back, shoulders, arms, or legs
- Loss of bladder and other functions
- Inability to feel hot and cold (dissociated sensory loss)
- Muscular atrophy of the hands
How to treat Syringomylia
Surgery is the most recommended treatment for this disorder. The type and location of the syringomyelia will determine the type of surgery.